This beautiful specimen contains white cerussite crystals that formed from malachite. This mineral association was collected from the M'fouati District of the Republic of Congo. The cerussite crystals fluoresce white under short wave UV.
This specimen has been mounted to an acrylic display stand.
Cerussite is a carbonate mineral with the chemical formula PbCO3, and is an important ore of lead. This lead-carbonate consisting mineral is a common weathering product of galena, explaining why it is typically extracted from oxidized zones of lead ore deposits. It can form into a variety of different structures, sometimes in fibrous patterns, other times in granular aggregations, though generally forming vitreous pseudo-hexagonal crystals. The colors of this mineral vary depending on composition and structure, with colorless, white, grey and green tinted, being the most common colors of crystals found.
Malachite is an intense green copper-based mineral that can be found in a wide variety of forms. Malachite
can grow in botryoidal masses, stalactitic formations, and reniform formations, typically as a tight cluster of fanning fibrous needles that make up a seemingly solid mass. As layers continue to stack during formation, a banded pattern can sometimes begin to take shape, which explains the rings in all shades of green that are seen on most polished malachite specimens.
Malachite results from the weathering of other copper ores and is very often found associated with other copper-based minerals such as Azurite and Chrysocolla. It can be found in copper deposits around the world, but the Democratic Republic Of The Congo is the primary source for polished malachite and mineral specimens.
Malachite has been prized since ancient times, first as a utilitarian copper ore, then as an ornamental stone. Due to it's value as a decorative stone, it's rarely mined as a copper ore anymore.