1.8" Quartz, Atacamite & Chrysocolla Association - Peru

This colorful specimen consists of an association of vivid green atacamite crystals and sky-blue chrysocolla, both of which are covered in a layer of quartz crystals. It was collected from the Lily Mine in Pisco Umay, Peru and is 1.8" wide.

Chrysocolla is a basic copper silicate that typically forms as a pseudomorph following other copper based minerals. The chemical formula is considered undetermined due to the varying substitutions of elements and water content in its chemical structure. However, there is a form of chrysocolla with an identifiable chemical formula of Cu2H2Si2O5(OH)4, that can be found in microcrystals.

Regularly, chrysocolla will form as botryoidal lumps and spheres, rarely forming visible crystals. It's also been known to form in both solid and fibrous veins, over fibrous minerals and in crusts. Known for its sharp and vibrant coloring, chrysocolla can display a wide variety of colors such as blueish-green, bright green, light blue to even sometimes multicolored specimens, depending on the atmosphere present during formation.

Atacamite is a secondary copper mineral that's formed from the oxidation of copper minerals. It has the chemical formula Cu₂Cl(OH)₃ and forms as slender prismatic crystals, fibrous crystals and as granular to compact aggregations. Atacamite was first described by D. de Fallizen after specimens found in the Atacama Desert of Chile in 1801.

Silicon Dioxide, also know as SiO2 or Quartz, is the second most abundant mineral in the Earth's crust. Quartz crystals generally grow in silica-rich, hot watery solutions called hydrothermal environments, at temperatures between 100°C and 450°C, and usually under very high pressure. Quartz veins are formed when open fissures are filled with hot water during the closing stages of mountains forming, and can be hundreds of millions of years old.
Quartz, Atacamite & Chrysocolla
Lily Mine, Pisco Umay, Ica Department, Peru
1.8" wide