.6" Wide, Enrolled Eldredgeops Trilobite - New York
Eldredgeops have very large, separately set lenses without a common cornea. This compound eye is known as the shizochroal eye, and this style of sight is ideal for low light conditions. The unique shizochroal adaptation is characterized by up to 700 relatively large, thick lenses made of the purest calcite. A doublet system of mounted lenses within the eye reduced distortion, while perched eyes promoted a wide field of view.
Eldredgeops is a genus of the order Phacopida. They lived in the Middle Devonian faunal stage called the Givetian, which lasted from 387.7 ± 0.8 mya to 382.7 ± 1.6 mya. Phacopida means "Lens-face.” Members share a distinctive developmental stage lacking segments, called protaspis.
Eldredgeops is also found in a variety of sizes, making it an excellent subject of recent studies to better understand body-size scaling and the metabolic rate of trilobites.
The Silica Shale near the Ohio-Michigan border by Toledo, OH, contains a spectacular array of fauna. This includes 40 cnidarian species, 40 species of bryozoans, 63 species of brachiopods, 21 species of bivalves, 19 species of crinoids, and many, many other organisms. This open marine depositional setting is contiguous with seas in New York and Ontario.
On the Devonian sea bottom that created the Silica Shale, there were periods of extreme turbidity, aeration, and other conditions that alternated with times of shallow, clear, and turbulent environments.
These are primary reasons for distinctive, “smothered bottom” layers that provide a coveted fossil hunting experience. Another exciting surprise is pyritized fossils that are a product of sulphate-reducing, post-depositional conditions.